A Guide to Porcelain Tiles: How to Cut, Lay, & Clean
Posted on June 30, 2021

Before you get into the ordering and installing, make sure you have opted for suitable tiles for the application. Laying a porcelain tile may look like an easy task at glance, but it requires a lot of attention and planning. One thing that makes it the best is its exceptionally low water absorption value. It means that porcelain tiles do not draw in moisture if compared to other paving materials.

If you are taking the help of a professional, make sure your tiler has thorough knowledge on how to fix porcelain tiles and also understand your requirements for the same.

Ferreira’s have been working with the most renowned manufacturers in Italy that produce high quality and elegant porcelain tiles. With more than 40 collections of refined and high technical performing tiles and 65+ porcelain slabs, you can choose your favourite from their London showroom.

fix porcelain tiles

Now that you are aware of porcelain tiles’ non-absorbent nature, understand that it will require some help to form a strong and sustainable bond to the mortar for laying with priming slurry.

How To Install Porcelain Tiles?

Install Porcelain Tiles

Here’s a guide to how to cut, lay and clean your porcelain tiles without the help of any professional. For this DIY tiling project, you may require to make a few cuts to get it into your desired size.

Tools Required:

  • A shovel
  • Rubber mallet
  • String line
  • Spirit level
  • Pointing iron
  • Circular cutting saw
  • Diamond circular cutting blade
  • Gloves
  • Facemask
  • Eye protection

Materials Required:

  • Type 1 MOT (General Sub-base) stone
  • All In Ballast
  • Sharp Sand (concreting sand)
  • Cement (OPC)
  • Slurry Primer and SBR additive
  • Flexible grout (swimming pool grade)

| Also Read: How To Measure Your Room For Carpet and Floor Tiles |

Steps to Lay Your Porcelain Tiles

Check the Delivered Tiles as per your Layout

Once you receive your porcelain paving tiles, make sure to check them for any breakage or chipping. Any damaged parts should be kept aside for later ‘in-fill’ cuts use. Try creating a rough layout for your proposed patio by placing the tiles in the same manner.

Digging out

Mark the area to be excavated keeping a margin of 150-200mm using a string line. This will help the edge not adjoin your home, garden wall or any solid construction on the site. Dig up to 160mm below the proposed height for your patio. It will help in facilitating 100mm of compacted Type 1 MOT or General Sub-Base material, 40mm bed of bedding mortar and the thickness of your tiles for paving.

Sub-Base

To give strength and stability to your patio, a Type 1 MOT or General Sub-Base is required. Below the string line, take out the aggregate and create an even layer of about 30mm. Consolidate it with the help of a vibrating plate compactor to a height of 50mm below the string you have placed.

Bedding Mortar

With the help of a mixer, make your bedding mortar using 4 parts of Sharp Sand and 1 part of Cement and add the SBR additive to create a mix for the bonding process. Make sure the mortar is of firm consistency and not runny. Using a shovel, apply the mortar to the base and level it out to 15mm below the attached string line. To compress the paving tile, roughen the surface and spread mortar for one flag at a time.

Priming the Paving

It is the main contrast between laying conventional concrete or regular stone paving banners. Overlooking this will undoubtedly bring out the disappointment of the porcelain paving tiles clinging to the sheet material mortar.

The quality of porcelain has an extraordinarily low water retention esteem, so the tile won’t attract dampness similarly to other paving materials. Porcelain subsequently will retain barely anything from the sheet material mortar and won’t frame a solid, economical bond.

To guarantee a decent bond, each paving component should be first prepared with a preparing slurry. Use Pavestone Priming Slurry to guarantee that a decent bond is accomplished. The Primer is powder-based which just expects the water to be added to make a slurry glue.

Laying the Paving

Laying the Paving

Delicately pack down the ‘wet primed’ porcelain paving onto the mortar bed. Take the help of an elastic hammer for this process. This step is necessary to ensure that the paving is supported thoroughly and does not move. Promptly clear off any slurry groundwork that may have unexpectedly damaged any parts. Eliminate them as you won’t be able to eliminate the paving as it dries up.

When laying more than one pack of paving, lay tiles from various packs to get rid of any shade banding. Utilize joint spacers or bits of 6mm compressed wood to assist with keeping a standard joint width between the paving components. NEVER butt join the paving tiles.

Cutting

Cutting ought to be done with a water-cooled and dust smothering seat power saw fitted with a diamond. It needs to have a sharp edge explicitly brought to cut porcelain paving tiles. These sharp edges have no holes in the cutting edge.

Porcelain Tile Protector

To ensure the paving while grouting, use a porcelain protector. It is a pre-grout treatment, which secures the outside of the paving against hard, dried-on grout buildup, keeping your tile faces clean and without adjusting the characteristics of the porcelain tile face.

Jointing

To ensure a strong bond, use a tile grout. This will help keep everything in place and also add strength.

Internal Flooring

Pavestone 16 and 20mm outdoor porcelain paving tiles are not appropriate for use as the internal flooring. Nonetheless, Pavestone supplies a 10mm inward ground surface in various ranges, which are made to withstand any climate, cleaning items and gear. Introducing inner porcelain tiles is an altogether extraordinary cycle from that of introducing outside porcelain paving tiles.

Sealing

Porcelain tiles do not require sealing. They are sealed during the manufacturing process.

Sealing

This is a very simple guide on how to lay porcelain tiles. However, you should seek professional help as if done in an incorrect manner can cost you a lot of expense. It may seem easy to do it by yourself, you surely need guidance to lay porcelain tiles. For an easy and hassle-free installation, you can always contact Ferreira’s. With their highly experienced tilers and wide range of porcelain tiles, you will definitely love the end result.